Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Burd̲j̲iyya
(732 words)

The Burd̲j̲iyya regiment was second in importance only to the Baḥriyya [q.v.] regiment throughout the history of the Mamlūk sultanate. It was created by Sulṭān al-Manṣūr Ḳalāʾūn, who selected for this purpose 3,700 of his own Mamlūks and quartered them in towers ( abrād̲j̲ , sing. burd̲j̲ ) of the Cairo citadel. Hence its name. The sources mention the creation of this unit only when they sum up Ḳalāʾūn’s career at the end of his rule, without specifying any date. It was composed of Mamlūks belonging to Caucasian peoples ( al-Ḏj̲arkas wa ’l-Āṣ = Circassians and Abk̲h̲āzīs). Al-Maḳrīzī ( Ḵh̲iṭa…

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Ayalon, D., “Burd̲j̲iyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1536>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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