Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Crusades
(3,532 words)

Originally applied to military and religious expeditions organized in Western Europe and intended to take back from and defend against Islam the Holy Places of Palestine and nearby Syria, the term was later extended to all wars waged against "infidels" and even to any undertaking carried out in the name of a worthy or supposedly worthy cause; naturally these extensions of meaning are not part of our present concern.

The first Crusade (1096-99), following on from expeditions against the Muslims in the West, led to the establishment around Jerusalem, Tripoli, Antio…

Cite this page
Cahen, Cl., “Crusades”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1636>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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