Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(600 words)

, the biblical David. David is mentioned in several places in the Ḳurʾān, sometimes together with his more famous son and successor Solomon (Sulaymān). He kills Goliath (D̲j̲ālūt, Sūra II, 251). God grants him the rule of the kingdom (ibid.) and enforces it (XXXVIII, 20). He makes him a “k̲h̲alīfa on earth” (i.e., the successor of an earlier generation of rulers, XXXVIII, 26). He gives him knowledge ( ʿilm ) and wisdom ( ḥikma ), and the ability to do justice ( ḥukm , esp. XXI, 78 f.; XXXVII, 21-24, 26: faṣl al-k̲h̲iṭāb , XXXVII, 20). He gives him a zabūr (book, psalter, IV, 163; XVII, 55), an…

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Paret, R., “Dāwūd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1754>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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