Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(591 words)

In Muslim philosophy this term is used in several senses. As a general term it can mean “thing”, like the words s̲h̲ayʾ and maʿnā ; next, it signifies the “being” or “self” or even “ego”: thus bi-d̲h̲ātihī means “by itself” or “by his self”; but most commonly d̲h̲āt is employed in the two different meanings of “substance” and “essence”, and is a translation of the Greek οὐσία. In its former usage as “substance” it is the equivalent of the subject or substratum (‘υποκείμενον) and is contrasted with qualities or predicates attributed to it and…

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Rahman, F., “Ḏh̲āt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1816>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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