Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Dihḳan
(700 words)

, arabicized form of dehkān , the head of a village and a member of the lesser feudal nobility of Sāsānian Persia. The power of the dihḳāns derived from their hereditary title to the local administration. They were an immensely important class, although the actual area of land they cultivated as the hereditary possession of their family was often small. They were the representatives of the government vis-à-vis the peasants and their principal function was to collect taxes; and, in the opinion of Christensen, it was due t…

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Lambton, A.K.S., “Dihḳan”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 29 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1846>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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