Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Dīn
(3,326 words)

, I. Definition and general notion.

It is usual to emphasize three distinct senses of dīn : (1) judgment, retribution; (2) custom, usage; (3) religion. The first refers to the Hebraeo-Aramaic root, the second to the Arabic root dāna , dayn (debt, money owing), the third to the Pehlevi dēn (revelation, religion). This third etymology has been exploited by Nöldeke and Vollers. We would agree with Gaudefroy-Demombynes ( Mahomet , 504) in not finding it convincing. In any case, the notion of “religion” in question is by no means identical in Mazdaism and Islam. On t…

Cite this page
Gardet, L., “Dīn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0168>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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