Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Di̇rli̇k
(126 words)

, a Turkish word meaning living or livelihood. In the Ottoman Empire it was used to denote an income provided by the state, directly or indirectly, for the support of persons in its service. The term is used principally of the military fiefs (see timar), but also applies to pay (see ʿulūfa ), salaries, and grants of various kinds in lieu of pay to officers of the central and provincial governments. It does not normally apply to tax-farms, the basis of which is purchase and not service.

Bibliography

Ḏj̲aʿfer Čelebi, Maḥrūse-i Istanbul fetḥnāmesi, TOEM suppl. 1331, 17

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Lewis, B., “Di̇rli̇k”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_1877>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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