Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Dīwān
(16,419 words)

, a collection of poetry or prose [see ʿarabiyya ; persian literature ; turkish literature ; urdū literature and s̲h̲iʿr ], a register, or an office. Sources differ about linguistic roots. Some ascribe to it a Persian origin from dev , ‘mad’ or ‘devil’, to describe secretaries. Others consider it Arabic from dawwana , to collect or to register, thus meaning a collection of records or sheets. (See Ḳalḳas̲h̲andī, Ṣubḥ , i, 90; LA, xvii, 23-4; Ṣūlī, Adab al-kuttāb , 187; Māwardī, al-Aḥkām al-sulṭāniyya , 175; D̲j̲ahs̲h̲iyārī, Wuzarāʾ , 16-17…

Cite this page
Duri, A.A., Gottschalk, H.L., Colin, G.S., Lambton, A.K.S. and Bazmee Ansari, A.S., “Dīwān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0170>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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