Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,757 words)

, a specified amount of money or goods due in cases of homicide or other injuries to physical health unjustly committed upon the person of another. It is a substitute for the law of private vengeance. Accordingly it corresponds exactly to the compensation or wergeld of the ancient Roman and Germanic laws. Etymologically the term signifies that which is given in payment. The diya is also called, though very much more rarely, ʿaḳl .

In a restricted sense—the sense which is most usual in law—diya means the compensation which is payable in cases of homicide, the compensation payabl…

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Tyan, E., “Diya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0172>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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