Except possibly in the Yaman, pre-Islamic Arabia, although living under permanent conditions of minor warfare, knew no armies in the proper meaning of the term apart from those of foreign occupation. Conflicts between tribes brought into action virtually all able-bodied men, but without any military organization, and combats were very o…
Cite this page
Cour, A. and
Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs.
Consulted online on 22 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0187>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007