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(187 words)

, plural of the Arabic d̲j̲iabal (mountain or hill), a name given by the Arabs to the region formerly known as Māh ( Māda , Media), which they also called ʿIrāḳ ʿAd̲j̲amī, to distinguish it from Arabian ʿIrāḳ, i.e., Lower Mesopotamia. The province came by its name of Ḏj̲ibāl because it is, except in its north-eastern portion, extremely mountainous. It was bounded in the east by the great desert of K̲h̲urāsān, on the south-east by Fārs, on the south by K̲h̲ūzistān, on the west and south-west by Arabian ʿIrāḳ, on the north-west by Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j…

Cite this page
Lockhart, L., “D̲j̲ibāl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 17 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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