Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(824 words)

(Turkish: convert) name of a sect in Turkey formed by Jews upon their conversion to Islam late in the 11th/17th century in emulation of S̲h̲abbetai Ṣeb̲i whom they considered the Messiah.

The sect emerged out of mystic speculations justifying the conversion of Jews to Islam as a link in the chain of Messianic events, and served as a means to consolidate those who wished to emulate and remain faithful to the converted Messiah, even after his death. It attempted, in the spirit of the Messiah, to maintain secretly within Islam a…

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Perlmann, M., “Dönme”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2142>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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