Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,628 words)

(Arab., pl. faḍāʾil ) an excellence or excellent quality, a high degree in (or of) excellence. The plural faḍāʾil indicates a definite category of literature, related to but distinct from the so-called “disputes for precedence”. Faḍāʾil literature exposes the excellences of things, individuals, groups, places, regions and such for the purpose of a laudatio . The polemical comparison or dialogue, characteristic of the “disputes for precedence”, is lacking.

Faḍāʾil literature, the opposite to which is mat̲h̲ālib literature, may be divided into various branches:

Ḳurʾān. Faḍāʾil li…

Cite this page
Sellheim, R., “Faḍīla”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0204>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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