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(619 words)

, a locality near Mecca which is now called al-S̲h̲uhadaʾ “the Martyrs”. A very ancient tradition relates that certain Companions of the Prophet, in particular ʿAbd Allāh the son of the caliph ʿUmar, were buried there. It is in honour of this famous person, regarded as the local saint, that on 14 Ṣafar a ceremony is held there every year, and not because about a hundred ʿAlids and their partisans met their deaths at Fak̲h̲k̲h̲ in a battle (yawm Fak̲h̲k̲h̲) on 8 Ḏh̲u ’l-Ḥid̲j̲d̲j̲a 169/11 June 786. The latter were, however, the “Martyrs”. The battle, which in the time of Snouck H…

Cite this page
Veccia Vaglieri, L., “Fak̲h̲k̲h̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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