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Fak̲h̲r al- Dīn
(2,113 words)

, name of two Lebanese amīrs of the Druze house of Maʿn [q.v.]. Fak̲h̲r al-Dīn I, amīr of the S̲h̲ūf (north-east of Sidon) at the time of the Ottoman conquest of Syria, was among the chieftains who offered submission to the conquering Sultan Selīm I in Damascus in 922/1516. The Sultan, impressed by his eloquence, is said to have sent him back with the title amīr al-barr (lord of the land), recognizing him as overlord of the chieftains of the Druze Mountain (the G̲h̲arb, the D̲j̲urd, and the S̲h̲ūf). Fak̲h̲r al-Dīn I was assassinated in c. 951/1544 under obscure circumstances on the o…

Cite this page
Salibi, Kamal, “Fak̲h̲r al-Dīn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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