Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,048 words)

(P. farāmūsh “forgotten” and k̲h̲āna “house”), the word used in Iran to designate a centre of masonic activities. The term seems to have originated in India, where a masonic lodge was first founded by the British in 1730. The earliest known references in Persian sources to the idea of freemasonry in general and to Indian masonic activity in particular can be found in the writings of ʿAbd al-Laṭīf S̲h̲ūs̲h̲tarī D̲j̲azāʾirī, a Persian émigré to India. Writing in 1801, ʿAbd al-Laṭīf believed that the reason why the Indians and the Persian-speaking people of India call the freemasons farāmūs̲h…

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Hairi, Abdul Hadi, “Farāmūs̲h̲-K̲h̲āna”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8535>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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