Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,704 words)

(a.), freemasonry (also in Arabic: Firmāsūniyya , Māsūniyya and Bināya Ḥurra ; in Turkish, Franmasonluk , Farmasonluk , Masonluk ).

I. In the Ottoman empire and its successor states.

Freemansonry first penetrated the Empire via lodges (Arabic mahfil ; Turkish mahfel , loca ) established by Europeans. As many of the lodges were established without the authority of organised freemasonry, they were frequently short-lived. Several lodges were reported in Aleppo, Izmir and Corfu in 1738, in Alexandretta in the early 1740s, in the Armenian pa…

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Landau, J. M., “Farmāsūniyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8538>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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