Fayʾ
(801 words)

, in pre-Islamic times used for chattels taken as booty, like g̲h̲anīma [q.v.], to be divided between victors, either in fifths (e.g., Mufaḍḍaliyyāt , ed. Lyall, 599, 1) or in fourths ( Ḥamāsa , ed. Freytag, 458, 18, Cairo 1335, i, 428; G. Jacob, Altarabisches Beduinenleben , Berlin 1897, 215), the leader being entitled to one of the parts. This custom was upheld by the Prophet after the battle of Badr, and Sūra VIII, 42 mentions five employments for the Prophet’s one fifth ( k̲h̲ums ), to figure in future budgets. The old use of the word fayʾ never became completely obliterated. But when …

Cite this page
Løkkegaard, F., “Fayʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2333>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



▲   Back to top   ▲