Fidāʾiyyān-i Islām
(784 words)

, a small politico-religious terrorist group based in Tehrān which during its twelve years of activity (1943-55) became notorious for its responsibility for numerous political murders. The Fidāʾiyyān were organized secretly, but held open rallies and announced their aims publicly. Their goals included strict enforcement of the s̲h̲arīʿa and the ending of irreligiousness. They combined fundamentalism with violent xenophobia, and considered attacks on foreigners and politicians with foreign connexions a defence of the Dār al-Islām . The Fidāʾiyyān proclaimed the governm…

Cite this page
Keddie, N.R. and Zarrinkub, A.H., “Fidāʾiyyān-i Islām”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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