(676 words)

is a “noun of kind” (Wright, Grammar 3 i, 123d) to the infinitive faṭr and means (an Ethiopie loan-meaning, see Schwally, in ZDMG, liii, 199 f.; Nöldeke, Neue Beiträge , 49), “a kind or way of creating or of being created”. It occurs in Ḳurʾān, XXX, 29 ( k̲h̲ilḳa , Bayḍāwī) and other forms of its verb in the same meaning occur 14 times. But though Muḥammad uses derived forms freely, it was obscure to his hearers. Ibn ʿAbbās did not understand it until he heard a Bedouin use it of digging a well, and then the Bedouin probably meant the genuinely Arab sense of s̲h̲aḳḳ ( Lisān , vi, 362, 1. 20). Its th…

Cite this page
Macdonald, D.B., “Fiṭra”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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