Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,721 words)

(singular, G̲h̲ālī ), “extremists”, a term of disapproval for individuals accused of exaggeration ( g̲h̲ulū ) in religion. By heresiographers it was applied particularly to those S̲h̲īʿīs [q.v.] whose doctrines It̲h̲naʿas̲h̲arī Imāmī orthodoxy has regarded as exaggerated in reverence for the imāms or in other ways. In practice, the term has covered all early speculative S̲h̲īʿīs except those later accepted by It̲h̲naʿas̲h̲arī tradition, as well as all later S̲h̲īʿī groups except Zaydīs, orthodox It̲h̲naʿas̲h̲arīs, and sometimes Ismāʿīlīs. During the early perio…

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Hodgson, M.G.S., “G̲h̲ulāt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 01 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2517>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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