Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ḥammām
(6,382 words)

or steam bath, often still referred to as “Turkish bath” (and in French as “bain maure”), is a building typical of the Islamic world where archaeological remains witness to its existence as early as the Umayyad period (in addition to references in texts which mention the construction of baths in the first towns founded after the conquest: the bath of ʿAmr at Fusṭāṭ in Ibn Duḳmāḳ, i, 105; the first three baths of Baṣra, in al-Balād̲h̲urī, Futūḥ , 353) and where it has continued until the present day to occupy a position of primary importance, recognized by the Arab write…

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Sourdel-Thomine, J. and A. Louis, “Ḥammām”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2683>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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