Ḥanẓala b. Ṣafwān
(390 words)

, one of the people of the Interval ( fatra [q.v.]), regarded as a prophet sent to the Aṣḥāb al-Rass [q.v.], who maltreated and killed him before being destroyed themselves. The formation of the legend apparently began in the 3rd/9th century (cf. al-D̲j̲āḥiẓ, Tarbīʿ , ed. Pellat, index) but Ibn Ḳutayba does not mention Ḥanẓala among the prophets of the fatra, and al-Maṣʿūdī, in the Murūd̲j̲ (i, 125, iii, 105), devotes only a few lines to him. Later on, the necessity felt by the exegetists to explain the Ḳurʾānic expression Aṣḥāb al-Rass (XXV, 40/38, L, 12) br…

Cite this page
Pellat, Ch., “Ḥanẓala b. Ṣafwān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2709>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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