Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(27,665 words)

, war.

i.— Legal Aspect

Ḥarb may mean either fighting ( ḳitāl ) in the material sense or a “state of war” between two or more groups; both meanings were implied in the legal order of pre-Islamic Arabia. Owing to lack of organized authority, war became the basis of inter-tribal relationship. Peace reigned only when agreed upon between two or more tribes. Moreover, war fulfilled such purposes as vendetta a…

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Khadduri, M., Cahen, Cl., Ayalon, D., Parry, V.J., Bosworth, C.E., Rizvi, S.A.A. and Burton-Page, J., “Ḥarb”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 05 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0267>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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