Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ḥarb b. Umayya b. ʿAbd S̲h̲ams
(137 words)

, the father of Abū Sufyān and father-in-law of Abū Lahb [qq.v.], one of the leading figures of Mecca in his day. He is said to have been the first to use Arabic writing, and one of the first to renounce wine. A companion of ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib, he succeeded him as war-leader, and led the clan of ʿAbd S̲h̲ams and, according to some traditions, all Ḳurays̲h̲ in the so-called sacrilegious war [see fid̲j̲ār ]. After his death the leadership is said to have passed to the Banū Hās̲h̲im. The story of his contest of merits and subsequent quarrel with ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib is no do…

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Ed., “Ḥarb b. Umayya b. ʿAbd S̲h̲ams”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2720>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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