Hārūn al-Ras̲h̲īd
(2,733 words)

, Hārūn b. Muḥammad b. ʿAbd allāh , the fifth ʿAbbāsid caliph, is, thanks to the “Arabian Nights”, an almost legendary figure, so that the “good Hārūn al-Ras̲h̲īd” of the “golden prime” of the ʿAbbāsids has obscured his true historical personality. His reign, which saw many incidents of critical importance, was a turning point in the history of the ʿAbbāsid Caliphate; it marked the decline in administrative efficiency and initiated the political disintegration of the Islamic empire.

He was born in al-Rayy in Muḥarram 149/February 766 (another account in Ṭabarī, iii, 599,…

Cite this page
Omar, F., “Hārūn al-Ras̲h̲īd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2747>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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