Ḥasan-i Ṣabbāḥ
(647 words)

, first dāʿī of the Nizārī Ismāʿīlīs at Alamūt. Ḥasan was born at Ḳumm, son of an Imāmī S̲h̲īʿī of Kūfa, ʿAlī b. al-Ṣabbāḥ al-Ḥimyarī. He studied at Rayy and there, sometime after the age of seventeen, was converted to Ismāʿīlism. (The tale of his schoolfellow pact with ʿUmar K̲h̲ayyām and Niẓām al-Mulk, his later enemy, is a fable.) In 464/1071-2 he became a deputy of ʿAbd al-Malik b. ʿAṭṭās̲h̲, chief Ismāʿīlī dāʿī in the Sald̲j̲ūḳ domains; in 469/1076-7 he was sent to Egypt, presumably for training, where he remained about three years. (The stories of his conflict there with the wazīr , Badr …

Cite this page
Hodgson, M.G.S., “Ḥasan-i Ṣabbāḥ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2776>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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