Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ḥas̲h̲īs̲h̲iyya
(1,058 words)

, a name given in mediaeval times to the followers in Syria of the Nizārī branch of the Ismāʿīlī sect. The name was carried from Syria to Europe by the Crusaders, and occurs in a variety of forms in the Western literature of the Crusades, as well as in Greek and Hebrew texts. In the form ‘assassin’ it eventually found its way into French and English usage, with corresponding forms in Italian, Spanish and other languages. Af first the word seems to have been used in the sense of devotee or zealot, thus corresponding to fidāʿī [q.v.]. As early as the 12th century Provençal poets compare the…

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Lewis, B., “Ḥas̲h̲īs̲h̲iyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 05 August 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2793>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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