(557 words)

(Eve), wife of Ādam [q.v.]. This name does not appear in the Ḳurʾān, which speaks only (VII, 18/19-22/23 and XX, 120 f.) of the “spouse” guilty jointly with her husband of the disobedience which cost them expulsion from Paradise. The only mention of this name in Arabia in pre-Islamic (?) times was in a verse of ʿAdī b. Zayd, if its authenticity is reliable. The Muslim writers after the revelation of the Ḳurʾān all give the name of Ḥawwā to the spouse of the First Man. The biblical etymology of Ḥawwā (Genesis, III, 20: “mother of all living”) is cited in the name of Ibn ʿAbbās (Ibn Saʿd, Tabaḳāt i/1, …

Cite this page
Eisenberg, J. and Vajda, G., “Ḥawwāʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2821>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲