Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

Get access

(1,066 words)

, Arabic broken plural from Hayṭal, the name given by Islamic writers to the (H)ephthalites or White Huns, the Ye-Ta of the Chinese authors, a steppe people from Mongolia who settled along the Oxus during the fourth or fifth centuries A.D. and formed one, or perhaps several, powerful kingdoms. The first Huns to appear in K̲h̲urāsān, some twenty-five years earlier than the arrival of Huns in Europe, were the Chionites of Ammianus Marcellinus (XVI, 9, 4; XVII, 5, 1; XVIII, 6, 22). Their name may consist of the Pers. xiyōn ‘Hun’ + Gk. tribal ending -ῖται; though W. B. Henning (ZDMG, xc (1936), 17…

Cite this page
Bivar, A.D.H., “Hayāṭila”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 September 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2826>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲