Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(13,196 words)

“the animal kingdom”, Arabic word derived from a Semitic root (cf. Hebrew ) implying a notion of life ( ḥayāt [q.v.]). It is attested only once in the Ḳurʾān (XXIX, 64), where it means “the true life” and is used of the other world; the dictionaries state that a spring of Paradise is also called by this name, but the most usual meaning of ḥayawān , used as a singular or a collective, is an animal or animals in general, including man, who is more precisely called al-ḥayawān al-nāṭiḳ .

1. Lexicography. The fauna of the Arabian peninsula has been covered under al-ʿarab , d̲j̲azīrat — v, and it is pro…

Cite this page
Pellat, Ch., Sourdel-Thomine, J., Elwell-Sutton, L.P. and Boratav, P.N., “Ḥayawān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 17 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0279>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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