Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ḥikma
(1,707 words)

, wisdom, but also science and philosophy. The ancient usage of the word lent itself to this evolution, which was favoured by the meaning of the Greek σοφία. On the purely Arabic side al-D̲j̲urd̲j̲anī, who gives the word ḥukm the primary meaning of “to set the thing in its place” ( Taʿrīfāt ), seems thereby to suggest the sense of equilibrium and stability that Léon Gauthier found and that is well fitted to express the force and maturity of wisdom. The Ḳurʾān calls it al-ḥikma albālig̲h̲a (LIV, 5), wisdom which has attained its maturity. It uses ḥikma many times in the current sense of “wi…

Cite this page
Goichon, A.M., “Ḥikma”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 09 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2861>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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