Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Hilmand
(260 words)

( Helmand ), name of a river (the Etymandrus of Arrian, the Erymanthus of Polybius, the Haētūmat of the Avesta, the Hid̲h̲mand of the Ḥudūd al-ʿālam ) which, with its five great tributaries (K̲h̲ūd Rūd, Tirīn, Arg̲h̲andāb, Tarnak, Arg̲h̲asān) drains all south-west Afg̲h̲ānistān (see map at i, 222 above). Rising in a valley at the convergence of the Kūh-i Bābā and Sangak̲h̲ ranges, the river flows in a southwesterly direction through Hazārad̲j̲āt and Dihrāwat to K̲h̲wād̲j̲a ʿAlī, where it turns westward, and finally north, to lose itself in the lakes of Sīstān. It is na…

Cite this page
Yapp, M.E., “Hilmand”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 01 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2869>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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