Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(260 words)

( Helmand ), name of a river (the Etymandrus of Arrian, the Erymanthus of Polybius, the Haētūmat of the Avesta, the Hid̲h̲mand of the Ḥudūd al-ʿālam ) which, with its five great tributaries (K̲h̲ūd Rūd, Tirīn, Arg̲h̲andāb, Tarnak, Arg̲h̲asān) drains all south-west Afg̲h̲ānistān (see map at i, 222 above). Rising in a valley at the convergence of the Kūh-i Bābā and Sangak̲h̲ ranges, the river flows in a southwesterly direction through Hazārad̲j̲āt and Dihrāwat to K̲h̲wād̲j̲a ʿAlī, where it turns westward, and finally north, to lose itself in the lakes of Sīstān. It is na…

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Yapp, M.E., “Hilmand”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 01 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2869>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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