Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,037 words)

, abstract noun from the root h.d.n. with the sense of “calm”, “peace”. Other terms which have the same meaning are muwādaʿa , muṣālaḥa , musālama , and mutāraka , the general meaning of which in Islamic law is the abstention of the parties concerned from hostilities against each other. The process of entering into a peace agreement with the enemy is called muhādana or muwādaʿa, but the instrument of peace is hudna (peace agreement).

In Islamic legal theory, normal relations between the dār al-Islām [q.v.] and the dār al-ḥarb [q.v.] were not peaceful, and there existed a state of lat…

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Khadduri, M., “Hudna”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 05 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2932>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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