Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(3,280 words)

(a., pl. aḥkām ), verbal noun of ḥakama , which originally means “to withhold, restrain, prevent”, is used in a number of technical meanings in the field of religious law [see aḥkām ], philosophy (see below, I), and grammar (see below, II). On the different meanings of the term ḥukm , see Dict , of technical terms, i, 372 ff.; L. Gauthier, La racine arabe et ses dérivés , in Homenaje a Don Fr. Codera , Saragossa 1904, 435-54.

I. Ḥukm means in philosophy, the judgement or act by which the mind affirms or denies one thing with regard to another, and thus unites or separates t…

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Goichon, A.M. and Fleisch, H., “Ḥukm”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 06 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0298>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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