Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ḥukūma
(18,623 words)

, in modern Arabic “government”. Like many political neologisms in Islamic languages, the word seems to have been first used in its modern sense in 19th century Turkey, and to have passed from Turkish into Arabic and other languages. Ḥukūma comes from the Arabic root ḥ.k.m , with the meaning “to judge, adjudicate” (cf. the related meaning, dominant in Hebrew and other Semitic languages, of wisdom. See ḥikma ). In classical usage the verbal noun ḥukūma m…

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Lewis, B., Ahmad, F., Lambton, A.K.S., Vatikiotis, P.J., Tourneau, R. le, Tinker, H. and Benda, H.J., “Ḥukūma”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 08 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0299>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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