(419 words)

, in Greek χάλα, a very ancient town which was situated near the entrance to the Paytak pass through the Zagros range, on the famous K̲h̲urāsān highway. Its site has been identified with that of the present-day village of Sar-i Pul-i D̲h̲uhāb, which is 33 km. east by south of Ḳaṣr-i S̲h̲īrīn [q.v.] (see H. C. Rawlinson, Notes on a march from Zoháb to K̲h̲uzístán , in JRGS, London, ix (1839), 40, and the Guide Bleu , Moyen Orient , Paris 1956, 697). In Assyrian times the town was known as Khalmanu. In those days the town was situated on the natural frontier between Babylonia and Media (see Ritter, Erdku…

Cite this page
Lockhart, L., “Ḥulwān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2945>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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