Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(463 words)

, (modern al-S̲h̲arāʾiʿ?), a deep and irregular valley with clusters of palm trees, situated a day’s journey from Mecca on one of the roads to al-Ṭāʾif [q.v.], the scene of the famous battle, the second mentioned by name in the Ḳurʾān (IX, 25-26), fought early in S̲h̲awwāl 8/630 soon after the conquest ( fatḥ ) of Mecca. The confederate tribe of Hawāzin with its subsection of T̲h̲aḳīf began mobilizing its forces soon after the Prophet left Medina. The confederates apparently hoped to attack the Muslim force investing Mecca. As each side maintained…

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Lammens, H. and Kamal, ʿAbd al-Hafez, “Ḥunayn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 05 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2958>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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