Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(44 words)

(1) in the legal sense, “free” as opposed to “slave” [see ʿabd ]; (2) with social and Ethical extensions, “generous”, “gentlemanly” [see ḥurriyya , i]; (3) in modern usage, used for both “free” and “independent” [see ḥurriyya , ii and istiḳlāl ].

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“Ḥurr”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 28 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_DUM_1715>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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