(1,258 words)

(pl. of ʿibāda ), submissive obedience to a master, and therefore religious practice, corresponds, together with its synonym ṭāʿa , in the works of fiḳh , approximately to the ritual of Muslim law (we do not say “cult”, see below), as opposed to the muʿāmalāt which include more or less all the rest (but which, in the strict sense, correspond to synallagmatic contracts only). The distinctions are elusive, as so often in these matters. Ṣalāt is quite certainly an ʿibāda, but some affirm that marriage is also one (which is the more remarkable in that the Muslim marriage does …

Cite this page
Bousquet, G.-H., “ʿIbādāt”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3014>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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