(1,881 words)

, proper name of the devil, probably a contraction of διάβολος. A different etymology has been suggested by D. Künstlinger, in RO, vi, 76 ff.; the Arab philologists consider that Iblīs derives from the root bls , “because Iblīs has nothing to expect ( ublisa ) from the mercy of God”. He is also known as ʿAduww Allāh (the enemy of God) and al-ʿAduww (the Enemy). Finally he is given the common name of al-s̲h̲ayṭān [q.v.].

In the Ḳurʾān he appears at two points in the story of the beginning of the world. (1) When God had created Adam [q.v.] from clay and had breathed into him the spirit of life…

Cite this page
Wensinck, A.J. and Gardet, L., “Iblīs”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3021>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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