Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(2,386 words)

, infinitive of the verb aḍāfa ( ilā ) “to unite (with)”, has became a term in Arabic grammar. In the Kitāb of Sībawayhi it has at first a very wide meaning: it is inserted into the theory of the d̲j̲arr (genitive) [the Kūfans say k̲h̲afḍ ] set out in Chapter 100. There we find: “al-D̲j̲arr is found only in nouns that are muḍāf ilayhi” , that is: “that have received an adjunction”, the muḍāf being that which is “added”. It is the iḍāfa , the fact of having united one term with another, that requires the d̲j̲arr ( Mufaṣṣal , § 110)…

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Fleisch, H., MacKenzie, D.N. and Eckmann, J., “Iḍāfa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 03 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0349>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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