(3,157 words)

, from the verb ʿadda , “to count, enumerate” (days or menstruations), Arabic term for the duration of widowhood or, rather, the period of abstention from sexual relations imposed on a widow or a divorced woman, or a woman whose marriage has been annulled, before she may re-marry. In pre-Islamic Arabia the institution is thought to have been unknown with regard to a divorced woman. The Ḳurʾānic provisions on which it was based were not always respected during the early years of Islam (J. Schacht, Origins , 181) although at a very early date the jurists gave their sanction to the…

Cite this page
Linant de Bellefonds, Y., “ʿIdda”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3476>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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