Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ifrand̲j̲
(2,995 words)

or Firand̲j̲ , the Arabic term for the Franks. This name, which probably reached the Muslims via the Byzantines, was originally used of the inhabitants of the empire of Charlemagne, and later extended to Europeans in general. In medieval times it was not normally applied to the Spanish Christians [see andalus , d̲j̲illīḳiyya and below], the Slavs [see ṣaḳāliba ] or the Vikings [see mad̲j̲ūs ii], but otherwise was used fairly broadly of continental Europe and the British Isles. The land of the Franks was called ifrand̲j̲a (Persian and Turkish Firangistān ).

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Lewis, B. and Hopkins, J.F.P., “Ifrand̲j̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 26 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0353>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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