Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ik̲h̲tiyār
(1,574 words)

, choice. For the use of the word as a juridical term, see k̲h̲iyār and naṣṣ ; in literary criticism, see naḳd ; in the sense of “elder”, see s̲h̲ayk̲h̲ . The immediately following article deals with the philosophical and theological senses of the word.

As a philosophical term, ik̲h̲tiyār means free preference or choice, option, whence: power of choice, free will. The word itself is not Ḳurʾānic but is common in the vocabulary of ʿilm al-kalām and fiḳh. The VIIIth form of the verb is, however, used in the Ḳurʾān, always referring to a divine act. “I have chosen you ( ik̲h̲tartuka )”, says God ad…

Cite this page
Gardet, L., “Ik̲h̲tiyār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3516>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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