(6,082 words)

, Arabic name of Crete, with the variants Aḳrīṭīs̲h̲ (Yāḳūt), Iḳrīṭiya (Ibn Rusta), Iḳrītaṣ ( Ḥudūd al-ʿālam ) (Aḳrīṭa (Yāḳūt, ii, 865) refers to a locality in Asia Minor and has only a fortuitous resemblance with the name of the island of Crete).

Geography . The Arabic geographers describe it as one of the largest islands in the Mediterranean (Baḥr al-Rūm [q.v.]), whose situation they sometimes confuse with that of Cyprus. They give widely varying figures for its area; a circumference of 300 miles (Ibn Rusta) or taking …

Cite this page
Canard, M. and Mantran, R., “Iḳrīṭis̲h̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0358>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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