Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(3,859 words)

, term for a form of administrative grant, often (wrongly) translated by the European word “fief” (German Lehn). The nature of the iḳṭāʿ varied according to time and place, and a translation borrowed from other systems of institutions and conceptions has served only too often to mislead Western historians, and following them, even those of the East.

In the article ḍayʿa it was seen how the Muslim state, in its early centuries, had distributed to its notables portions of its territory called ḳaṭāʾiʿ (pl. of ḳaṭīʿa ). These portions were made over, in fact, in semi-ownership, subj…

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Cahen, Cl., “Iḳṭāʿ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 23 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3522>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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