Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Iran
(39,501 words)

iii. Languages

(a) Pas̲h̲to [see afg̲h̲ān . (ii). The Pas̲h̲to language]

(b) Kurdish [see kurds , kurdistān . v. Language]

(c) Zaza [q.v.]

(d) Ḵh̲wārazmian

(e) Sogdian and Bactrian in the early Islamic period

(f) New Persian

(g) New Persian written in Hebrew characters [see judaeo-persian . ii. Language]

(d) Ḵh̲wārazmian.

Ḵh̲warazmian, last attested late in the 8th/14th century (before yielding to Turkish), belonged to the Eastern branch of the Iranian language family, being most closely …

Cite this page
MacKenzie, D.N., Sims-Williams, N., Jeremiás, Éva M., Soucek, Priscilla, Blair, Sheila S. and Bloom, J.M., “Iran”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1409>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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