Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(6,790 words)

, Ḳurʾānic name for Jesus; the Ḳurʾān refers to him in 15 sūras and devotes to him 93 verses which are the foundation for Muslim Christology. Various traditions, containing additions drawn from the apocryphal gospels of the childhood of Jesus, or from mystic Christian literature, have enriched this Christology and, in certain respects, brought it nearer to the Christian Christology. Islamo-Christian polemic has tended through the years to harden the positions; most of these positions have become classic and are to be found unchanged in present day Muslim writers.

I. Etymology of the…

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Anawati, G.C., “ʿĪsā”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0378>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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