Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Isfarāyīn
(674 words)

, a district, and in earlier Islamic times a town, in northwestern Ḵh̲urāsān. It lies on the northern edge of the long plain which extends from Bisṭām and S̲h̲āhrūd in the west almost to Nīs̲h̲āpūr in the east and whose central section is drained by the Kāl-i S̲h̲ūr river before it turns southwards into the Das̲h̲t-i Kawīr. In mediaeval Islamic times, the route from Nīs̲h̲āpūr to Gurgān ran across this plain, and the geographers place Isfarāyīn at roughly the midpoint, five stages from Nīs̲h̲āpūr and five from Gurgān.

Though allegedly founded by Isfandiyār, little is known of Isfar…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “Isfarāyīn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3610>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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